Arthrosis of the knee joint

Arthrosis of the knee joint

Arthrosis (osteoarthritis) of the knee joint is a disease in which the cartilage in the knee gradually becomes thinner. This usually results in chronic knee pain. In this disease it is allowed to use to treat other diseases.

Symptoms of the disease:

Pain – there is pain in the knee;
Rigidity – if you do not move the knee for a long time, it seems rigid;
Softness – the knee feels soft when you put pressure on it;
Loss of flexibility – the knee is more difficult to move;
Popping – there may be a feeling that the knee is “popping”;
Knee protrusions – small bony protrusions may form around the affected joint;
Swelling – The knee is swollen.

For treatment, you can prescribe:

Paracetamol – pain reliever to relieve pain;
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – help relieve pain;
Duloxetine is also used to relieve pain.

A patient with arthrosis is also prescribed physiotherapy, during which he

Woman having knee pain in medical office

performs exercises that reduce pain in the joint and increase its mobility. It also helps with weight loss. In addition, occupational therapy is used, when the patient is taught to reduce the load on the joint in everyday life. For example, put a chair in the shower so as not to stand while washing. This reduces stress on the knee.

If treatment and therapy do not help, surgery is performed:

Cortisone injections – cortisone, a substance that relieves pain and swelling, is injected into the joint;
Osteotomy – the bone is cut and rebuilt so that the load on the bone goes differently;
Joint replacement – the damaged part of the bone is removed and a prosthesis is put in its place.