Lung diseases: important facts that need to be known

Lung diseases: important facts that need to be known

Medicine knows many diseases associated with our lungs and other respiratory system organs. Some of these diseases are chronic, some are fatal and some can be quickly treated. What should you know about lung diseases?

Lung diseases: important facts that need to be known

Medicine knows many diseases related to our lungs and other respiratory system, ranging from bronchitis, asthma of varying intensity, chronic lung disease, to deadly diseases – lung cancer and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Some of these diseases are chronic, some are fatal, and some can be quickly treated.

As with the treatment of any other disease, the wrong diagnosis and improperly appointed treatment can lead to significant deterioration of health. Some of the respiratory illnesses are widespread, especially in the cold winter, while others are considered rare and poorly understood.

What is known about respiratory diseases?

Lung diseases: important facts that need to be known

The most common childhood disease is bronchial asthma. About 5%-10% of children suffer from severe chronic forms of asthma, which is characterized by severe inflammation of the respiratory tract and is accompanied by prolonged seizures of breathing difficulties.
Some of the lung diseases are chronic, and medicine still does not know the methods that would lead to their complete cure. However, recent medical research has led to the emergence of new drugs and treatments that can significantly improve patients’ quality of life. For example, a real breakthrough was the emergence of new drugs to treat pulmonary fibrosis. New drugs change the course of the disease, improve the quality of life of patients and help slow down the rate of deterioration. New drugs have also appeared against lung cancer.
Lung diseases may manifest themselves at a very early age. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is considered a disease of the elderly, and is usually diagnosed at the age of 50-60 years. But it is important to know that much of these diagnoses were made at a late stage, when the disease is already difficult to treat. The first symptoms of the disease may appear at the age of + 40 years.
The condition worsens in the cold season: most often the symptoms of respiratory illness are exacerbated in autumn and winter. In cold air promotes asthmatic reactions and breathing difficulties. This rule is common for almost all lung diseases.
Passive smoking can also cause respiratory diseases. For a long time, there was a widespread perception that only people who smoke are susceptible to respiratory diseases. Research shows that for a number of diseases (obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis, and lung cancer), smoking remains a major development factor. But to date, it has been found that both the above diseases and other lung diseases can also be diagnosed in people who have never smoked in their lives, but are constantly in a smoking environment, being passive smokers.
There are products that provoke sputum and cough. In particular, we are talking about dairy products. Although there is still no consensus in the medical community on whether or not to avoid dairy products for patients with asthma or lung disease, the general recommendation remains to limit the daily diet of products that cause mucus and sputum. Such products include milk, citrus fruits, bananas, and peanuts.
Personal approach to the treatment of each patient is a very important component of therapy, especially today, when there are a variety of modern techniques and developments that can significantly improve the quality of life of patients with the most severe, chronic respiratory diseases. Medicines, including biological drugs, are selected strictly individually, so the use of drugs that are incompatible with the patient’s body can lead to serious complications.